Biloxi (UK) Biloxi, Pronunciation: [blksi] |b|LUK|see, which is similar to the original pronunciation in Varasi) is a city located on the Gulf of Mexico in southern Mississippi, the United States. It is located about 135km east of New Orleans and about 95km west of Mobil. Along with Gulfport, which is adjacent to the west, it is the location of the county office in Harrison County in the same province. In the 2000 census, the population was 50,644 and the third largest city in the state, but as a result of the decrease in population due to the influence of Hurricane Katrina, the population decreased to 44,054 in 2010, surpassing South Haven and Hattisberg, and ranking fifth in the state. It forms the Gulfport-Biloxi metropolitan area and the Gulfport-Birokushi-Pascagura metropolitan area together with Gulfport.
City of Biloxi
Bylox City Casino Town Sunset View
a location in Biloxi City in Harrison County, Mississippi
City of Biloxi
|mayor||A. J. Holloway|
|region||120.5 km2 (46.5 mi2)|
|land||98.5 km2 (38.0 mi2)|
|water surface||22.0 km2 (8.5 mi2)|
|water area ratio||18.27%|
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|equal time||Eastern Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|daylight saving time||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
|Official website: City of Biloxi|
The coast of Biloxi is directly connected to Mississippi Sound, and the islands are connected to the Gulf of Mexico to form a breakwater. Casinos are lined up along the coast.
The city has a Keisler Air Force Base, where the 81st Training Squadron and 403rd Squadron of the United States Air Force Reserve are stationed.
The history of Biloxi has been over 300 years. The first permanent frontier in the French territory of Louisiana was the Fort Maurice, also known as the Old Biloxi, on the other side of the Biloxi Bay. In 1699, Pierre Le Moine Dibeaville ordered the Spanish Florida and Louisiana to separate the Perdid River near Pensacola in Florida.
The French name Biloxi was spelled 'Bilocci' and the English translation of 'Fort Bilocci' was found on the map from 1710 to 1725.
In 1720, the administrative capital of Louisiana, French territory, was transferred from Mobil in Alabama to Biloxi. Louisiana, a part of Nouvelle France, was called 'La Louisiana' in French at that time, but today it is called 'La Louisiana Français' to distinguish it from Louisiana.
The colonial governor, Dibeaville, for fear of high tide and hurricanes, built a new inland port town named 'Le Nouvelle Oryan' from 1718 to 1720 with the aim of transferring the capital, and in 1723, moved the capital from Bilox. This was the present New Orleans.
In 1763, in the Paris Convention, which was the result of the Seven Years' War in which England won the Seven Years' War, France ceded Louisiana, except New Orleans, to the United Kingdom in a place east of the Mississippi River. At the same time, the land west of the New Orleans and Mississippi River was ceded to Spain by the Treaty of Fontainebleau.
The area was ruled by the United Kingdom from 1763 to 1779 and then by Spain until 1798. In spite of this fact, Biloxi remained characteristic of French style. In 1811, Biloxi came under the control of the United States as part of the Mississippi Territory. Mississippi, including Biloxi, was promoted to a state in 1817.
Around this time, Biloxi started to grow. It became a summer resort, taking advantage of its proximity to New Orleans and its proximity to the sea. A well-heeled farmer and merchant built a summer house. Hotels and rental cottages were built for those who couldn't build their houses.
The best known Birokushi Light house is Birokushi Light house. This was brought to Japan after it was made in Baltimore and completed in May 1848. Of the 12 light houses that were built on the Gulf of Mexico at that time, only two of them remain.
During the early Civil War, the Northern Army occupied Ship Island off the coast of Birox, and Birox practically fell into the hands of the Northern Army. Because there was no big battle around here, Biloxi was not directly damaged by the war. After the war ended, some people had feelings closer to the north.
After the war, Biloxi again developed into a tourist destination. With the opening of the railroad, its popularity increased. In 1881, the first canned food factory was built in the town, and then other factories continued. As Biloxi grew up and a group of different ethnic groups came to the town to work at food plants, Birokushi began to have a cross-cultural personality.
During World War II, the U.S. Army Air Force built Keesler Field and the current Keesler Air Force Base, which became a major training facility and repair facility for aircraft. As a result, Biloxi's economy grew rapidly and various ethnic groups gathered again. The first Jewish synagogue was constructed by 1958.
The history of the Biloxi casino started in the 1940s, and a substantially illegal open gambling was held at a casino in Broadwater Beat Resort. Open gambling ended once in the 1950s. The Gulf of Mexico in Mississippi became known as the "Riviera of the Poor" and many families from the South, who were interested in fishing, visited the area during the summer. Many people caught shrimp boats and oysters in fishing.
In the early 1960s, the Gulf of Mexico once again replaced Florida for the North and became the center of Biloxi. The hotel in Biloxi has been renovated to increase its comfort and hired chefs from France and Switzerland to serve the best seafood dishes in the country.
In the 1990s, legal gambling was introduced in Mississippi and Biloxi changed again. Biloxi became the center of the casino and many hotels and other facilities brought millions of dollars in tourism revenues to the city. Famous casino facilities included Bo Liverge Casino Resort, Hard Rock Casino and Resort, Casino Magic, Grand Casino, Isle of Capri Casino Resort, Boom Town Casino, President Casino Broadwater Resort and Imperial Palace. Like Tunica County in the northern part of the state, Biloxi and the Gulf Area of Mexico were considered a leading gamble center in the southern United States.
To celebrate the 300th anniversary of the area from 1989 to 1999, the city's tourism promotion organization had Biloxi send live broadcasts of travel radio shows from all over Japan, and made William Backus appear as one of the co-hosts.
By the early 2000s, the economy of Biloxi had three pillars: seafood, tourism and gambling.
geography and climate
Biloxi was latitude 30 degrees 24 minutes 43 seconds north and longitude 88 degrees 55 minutes 40 seconds west and latitude 30.41194 degrees north and longitude 88.92778 degrees west/ 30.41194 degrees west;.92778, the altitude is 20 feet (6 meters). According to the National Census Bureau, the total area of the city is 46.5 square miles (120.5 km2), of which the land area is 38.0 square miles (98.5 km2), the water area is 8.5 square miles (22.0 km 2), and the water area is 18.27%.
|Climate of Biloxi|
|Maximum Temperature Record °C (°F)||28 |
|Mean maximum temperature°C (°F)||14 |
|Mean Minimum Temperature °C (°F)||6 |
|Minimum Temperature Recording °C (°F)||-12 |
|Precipitation mm (inch)||154.4 |
Biloxi, like Houston and New Orleans on the Gulf of Mexico, is a land susceptible to hurricanes. In 1969, Hurricane Camir swept across the Mississippi River Delta, with its Category 5 power, and landed near St. Louis in the dangerous half-yen area of Biloxi was severely damaged. When Hurricane Katrina landed in the Mississippi River triangle area in 2002, Biloxi fell into a dangerous half-yen zone and was severely damaged by the storm. However, unlike New Orleans, which also suffered damage from Katrina, Birokushi was badly damaged by the storm on the hurricane rather than by the flood after the landing.
Hurricane Katrina attacked the Gulf of Mexico in Mississippi on 29 August 2005 and was badly affected by storm, heavy rain and a high 27 feet (8.2 meters) high tide. Katrina approached the beach at a high tide (0.7 meters) at 6:56 a.m. Mayor A. J. Holloway commented on the strength and damage of the storm, "This is a tsunami for us." The governor of Mississippi State, Haley Baber, is said to have said that Hurricane Katrina's destruction of the Mississippi Coast would be seen in Hiroshima City for Americans.
In an interview with news channel MSNBC on the morning of Aug. 31, Governor Berber said 90% of the buildings along the coast of Birox and neighboring Gulfport were destroyed in a hurricane. Some of the floating casinos were lifted off the city to the shore, leading to damage. All the churches on the beach were either destroyed or damaged.
Many churches including the St. Michael Catholic Church were also damaged, flooded inside at high tide, and the entrance door on the first floor and the stained glass windows were broken. However, the interior was removed later, and the structure of the building frame was firm, so it was decided to be repaired.
Hurricane Katrina also damaged more than 40 libraries in Mississippi. The Biloxi Public Library was flooded a few feet later, and the windows were broken and it became impossible to repair and needed to be completely rebuilt.
The hurricane's storm continued for 17 hours, ripping the branches from many oak trees on the coast, but the trunks survived a flood of 30 feet (9.1 meters) and then extended the small branches. Some of the reconstructed houses still have their appearance before the Civil War. The shopping center, which had been in the interior for several miles and had little influence from the flood, was reopened.
Harrison county attorney Gary T. Hargrove told the mayor and the City Council that Hurricane Katrina had killed 53 people in Bilox by 30 January 2006. Among the 53 victims, one unidentified man is also included. Hargrove said the average age of the victims was 58, the youngest was 22, the oldest was 90, 39 men and 14 women.
Biloxi appeared on TV on Extreme Makeover: Well known for the monument of the victims of Katrina constructed by Home Edition" staff and volunteers.
Eight of the casinos in Biroxy, which were damaged or destroyed, resumed operations. In the case of the Beauriverge, it was resumed on the first anniversary of the hurricane.
A number of plans have been drawn up to rebuild the waterfront in Biloxi, and the federal government has recently reported that 17,000 house owners on the Mississippi Coast are considering building a far-away hurricane protection zone with the option of selling their assets. On the other hand, Biloxi City is rapidly carrying out plans to allow the redevelopment of commercial areas to the south of Highway 90.
a house that was pushed off the coast by a hurricane
a U.S. air force carrier that carries several tons of supplies at the Keesler Air Force Base
post-cleanup Biloxi Coast
Saint Michael's Church
A souvenir shop, Sharkhead, near the Biloxi Coast. be left unattended
Biloxi is the smaller of the two major cities in the Gulfport-Biloxi metropolitan area and the Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagura integrated statistical area.
The following is demographic data from the 2000 census.
Households and family (number of households)
income and family
Public education in Biloxi City is under the jurisdiction of the Biloxi Public Education School District and the Harrison District School District. There are many Catholic schools in the Gulf of Mexico and three of them are in Biloxi.
Biloxi has several casino and resort hotels and 24 hours of gambling, concerts and several restaurants.
The main high-standard road in Biloxi is U.S. National Route 90 (Beach Boulevard), which runs along the coast and along the casino side. The road connects Gulfport in the west, Ocean Springs in the east and Pascagula in the east. The Biloxi Ocean Springs Bridge over Biloxi Bay was rebuilt after Hurricane Katrina and opened the entire line in April 2008
Interstate Expressway Route 10 runs through the north of the city and connects New Orleans, Houston, Mobil and Jacksonville. The Interstate Expressway Route 110, separated from Route 10 at Debeville, runs south over Biloxi's backbay and connects with National Route 90 near Beauriverge. It is an important evacuation route when the hurricane arrived.
Other important roads are as follows.
- Mississippi State Route 15
- Mississippi State Route 67
The Gulfport Birokushi International Airport in Gulfport is available from the airport.
Biloxi is the center of the area of marine biologists' term "the rich mikazuki" and provides the best place for sports fishing along the entire north coast of the Gulf of Mexico. In the fishing season, you can enjoy fishing such as spotide sheilout (Spotted sea trout, genus Naganyube of the family Nibe), salmon, Spanish mackerel (Spanish mackerel, genus Sawara of the family Sabae, family Sabae, family Sabae), king macarel (King mackerel, genus Sawara of the family Sabae, family Sabae, family Saba), flounder, flounder, sea bream, or shark. It is not clear whether Hurricane Katrina affected the ecosystem.
Biloxi is based on Mississippi Serge, a member of the Southern Professional Hockey League, a minor league of ice hockey. Home games are played in Mississippi Coast Coliseum.
well known resident
- Jessica Alba, actress
- Matt Barlow and Heavy Metal Singer
- co-founder of Edward Charles Edmund Burke, entrepreneur, Barq's
- Alan Bercher, mixed martial artist
- Jimmy Bartland, jazz drummer
- Jimmy Buffett, Singer, Writer and Entrepreneur
- Hector Camacho, Professional Boxer, Former World Champion
- Jefferson Davis, General of the United States Army, Graduate From Westpoint, Secretary of the United States Army, and the only president of the United States
- Ronald Dupley and Pro Basketball players
- Damion Fletcher, Southern Mississippi University American football players
- Chief of the Police of Louisiana, Francis Grebenberg
- Fred Hayes, Apollo 13 and Enterprise astronauts
- Ted Hawkins, Singer-Songwriter
- country singer
- Jack Nelson, a journalist who won the Pulitzer Prize, Biloxi's Daily Herald, started his career
- George E. Or, an artist, established a new frontier with experimental modern statues in the 1890s
- Eric Roberts, Actor
- Robin Roberts, TV, radio, media personality
- belladonna porn actress
in popular culture
- Biloxi is the setting of Neil Simon's play and the movie blues (original title: Biloxi Blues). In the movie, Matthew Broderick played the leading role. Biloxi Blues is a story of a new-soldier training at the Keesler Air Force Base during World War II.
- Biloxi is used on the stage in novels by John Grisham, "Jurori Verdict" (original title: The Runaway Jury), The Summons, The Firm, The Partner, and The Last Juror.
- In Larry Brown's novel Fire, a good part is set in Biloxi:
- Marvin F. Hinton (Road Block), a figure from the toy G.I. Joe, was born in Bilox.
- A part of the film Private Benjamin (Goldy Horn) is set on a fictitious base called Biloxi and Fort Biloxi.
- On TV Family Matters, Steve Arkel's cousin, Myrtle Arkel, often follows Eddie Winslow from Biloxi to Chicago
- Singer-songwriter Jesse Wong Chester has previously written a song titled "Biloxi." This was originated from the impression that he had when he saw Biloxi.
- Jimmy Buffett's most popular album, Changes in Latitudes, Changes in Attitudes (1977), includes a cover for "Biloxi." In 1995, the title of the album was "Birokushi," a digital rerecording of the largest hit.
- The word Biloxi is used in the data communication session initialization protocol RFC 3261. This is an example of a call made by two proxies.
- Block Sampson, the character in the TV show Venture Bros., says he was trained in Bilox.
- The rock group's song "The Love Dwans", "Louisiana," is singing about the reconstruction of the destroyed area in a hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico. The names of Louisiana, Biloxi and Alabama appeared.
- Alice Cullen, who appears in the writer Stephanie Mayer's "Twilight Saga," was living in Biloxi when he was human.
- American soldier Walter Gordon fought with the band of Brothers to win four Purple Hearts.
- In the novel "The Great Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald, there is a reference to Biloxi.
- On the Ruby, a style network program, "Mississippi Memories" was filmed in Biloxy.
- ^ 
- ^ American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. February 4, 2011. Read April 5, 2011
- ^ a b "La Louisiane franchise" (in French), by Virginie Tanlay, from book Histoire de la Louisiane, states that Iberville choose "le site de Bilocci" (or Biloxi).
- ^ "Pas-Kaart Van de Golff van Mexico" (map from Amsterdam/1710), Edge of the Map Incorporated, 2007, webpage: Raremaps-Archive-3176.
- ^ "A New Map of as much of North & South America" (London/1725), Edge of the Map Incorporated, 2007, webpage: Raremaps-Archive-7278.
- ^ a b c d e "Biloxi: A Historic & Cultural Overview". City of Biloxi historical pamphlet, 2003.
- ^ a b c "Biloxi Lighthouse". City of Biloxi historical datasheet, 2003.
- ^ a b c "Biloxi/Gulfport, Mississippi" Archived October 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Institute of Southern Jewish Life
- ^ Wilemon, Tom (June 30, 2005). "The Landmark Broadwater Hotel, Once Biloxi's Premier Resort, Shutting Down". The Sun HeraldSeptember 15, 2008.
- ^ Bergeron, Kat. "Before-After: Broadwater". The Sun Herald. Archived from original as of September 17, 2008. Read on September 15, 2008.
- ^ a b c d Janson, Donald (December 15, 1963). "Mississippi Gulf Coast Woos Vacationists". The New York Times
- ^ US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau, (2011-02-12)Available April 23, 2011.
- ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey, (2007-10-25)http://geonames.usgs.gov January 31, 2008.
- ^ "Average Weather for Biloxi, MS - Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. Read on July 4, 2009.
- ^ "2005 NOAA Tide Predictions: Biloxi (Cadet Point), Biloxi Bay" (2005), tide on 29-Aug-2005, NOAA, web: NOAA-tide-tables.
- ^ "Hurricane Katrina Related Damages to Public Libraries in Mississippi" (September 2005), Mississippi Library Commission.
- ^ Archived Copies. Archived from original as of May 6, 2007. Read on April 21, 2007.
- ^ "Tentative re-opening plans for Biloxi casino resorts" (2006), City of Biloxi, www.Biloxi.ms.us, webpage:Biloxi-Casinos.
- ^ Beachfront Development On Biloxi's Front Burner WLOX News. Retrieved on October 17, 2007.
- Official web page - Official Site
- Photographs of Hurricane Katrina's destruction on Mississippi's Gulf Coast from davidmetraux.com
- History of Biloxi's Jewish community (from the Institute of Southern Jewish Life)
- The Sun-Herald